Once you have PmWiki running on your site (see Installation), you can customize it for your particular needs.
Most PmWiki configuration is performed in files called local/config.php and pub/css/local.css. Some configuration is done on special pages in the Site and SiteAdmin groups, such as the Site.SideBar menu.
The local configuration file (local/config.php)
When you first install PmWiki, the local/config.php file does not exist. Copy the sample-config.php file (in the docs/ directory) to local/config.php and use it as a starting point. You could create local/config.php from scratch, but sample-config.php is already populated with many of the options you might want to adjust.
Here is a simple config.php file:
<?php if (!defined('PmWiki')) exit(); $WikiTitle = "My New Wiki"; $PageLogoUrl = "http://example.com/mylogo.gif"; # Uncomment these if needed #$ScriptUrl = 'http://example.com/pmwiki/pmwiki.php'; #$PubDirUrl = 'http://example.com/pmwiki/pub'; $DefaultPasswords['admin'] = crypt('onesecret'); $EnableUpload = 1; $DefaultPasswords['upload'] = crypt('secrettwo'); # Uncomment and change these if needed # putenv("TZ=EST5EDT"); # if you run PHP 5.0 or older # date_default_timezone_set('America/New_York'); # if you run PHP 5.1 or newer $TimeFmt = '%B %d, %Y, at %I:%M %p EST';
Note that config.php begins with
<?php . The PHP end tag
?> is optional, and can be left off to improve compatibility with some operating systems. Be sure there aren't any blank lines or spaces before the
<?php or after any closing
?>, or else you may get strange PHP error messages at the beginning of your wiki pages.
The config.php file above sets the value of PHP variables used by PmWiki:
- The $WikiTitle variable gives the name of your site as it will appear in a user's browser title bar.
$PubDirUrlvariables tell your wiki where it is located. Often pmwiki can guess, but if you have difficulty with links not working or skins not being found then try uncommenting these lines.
- The $PageLogoUrl variable specifies the URL of the icon image that will appear in the upper-left corner of each wiki page.
$DefaultPasswords['admin']sets an administrative password.
- Setting $EnableUpload to "1" enables Uploads ("Attached files").
$DefaultPasswords['upload']sets an upload password.
- The TZ environment variable defines a particular time zone (see Cookbook:ChangeTimeFormat). If your site runs on PHP 5.1 or newer, it is recommended to use the function date_default_timezone_set, see below.
- The date_default_timezone_set tells PHP what the default time zone is. For other ways to set the time zone, and a list of identifiers, see the online PHP manual.
- The $TimeFmt variable defines the appearance of time strings and (along with TZ) localizes the wiki to a specific time zone (see Cookbook:ChangeTimeFormat).
By setting these (and other) variables in local/config.php, you can change the look and feel of PmWiki from its default, sometimes substantially so. See PmWiki.Variables for a list of variables that PmWiki uses, and see PmWiki:PmWikiUsers for examples of sites that use PmWiki in customized ways.
Other common setup tasks
The following variables are often requested when preparing a new wiki
- Author required when editing a page
$EnablePostAuthorRequired = 1;
- Set the $DefaultGroup
These common Cookbook recipes are also often installed immediately
- Clean Urls - Remove the
?n=Group.Pagearguments from the end of URLs
If you prepare an international wiki, potentially with characters in different alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Chinese) or many diacritical symbols (Czech + French), please look at PmWiki.UTF-8 and Cookbook:UTF-8.
Review and set up any security required.
Setting an administrative password
The pages in the Site group (except the Site.SideBar) are locked by default. In order to edit pages in this group you need to create a site-wide admin password in local/config.php. To set the site-wide admin password to "
mysecret", change the line to the following:
$DefaultPasswords['admin'] = crypt('mysecret');
You must use the
crypt() function, but set the password to a value with meaning for you. See PasswordsAdmin for details about making the password more secure.
PmWiki has been designed so that all customizations can be made without changing the distribution files -- one of its design goals is to provide seamless upgrades. PmWiki never writes to files in the local/ or cookbook/ directories, so placing your customizations here makes it easier to track the changes and upgrade PmWiki without losing the changes.
When changing the configuration of your site, always change the local/config.php file or add files to the cookbook/ or pub directories. Do not change pmwiki.php or the files in the scripts/ directory because the files are supposed to be overwritten upon upgrading.
You shouldn't rename pmwiki.php either. If you rename the file it will not be overwritten during an upgrade of the software and there will be a version mismatch. Many administrators add an index.php "wrapper script" in the pmwiki directory that contains the following single line:
Just make an text-file. Paste <?php include('pmwiki.php'); into it. Save the file as index.php Send it via FTP to the same directory as pmwiki.php is located.
By default Pmwiki uses an upload directory for each group (see Uploads administration. Deciding on accepting the default, or choosing an alternative (eg one directory for the entire wiki, or one directory per page) is best done when setting up your wiki.
Page store directories
By default Pmwiki uses a single page store directory (wiki.d). Deciding on accepting the default (recommended), or choosing the alternative (one directory per group) is best done when setting up your wiki. 
After setting up local/config.php file, you may wish to make other local customizations. See the PmWiki Cookbook for a large number of customizations that have been contributed. And don't fear Cookbook recipes - they're well prepared, so that most of them require only to download a single file, add a one-line include command to
config.php, and voilÃ ! - they're working!
If you (or others sharing your server) want to maintain more than one wiki on the same server, see Wiki Farms.
Don't forget to join a PmWiki mailing list, where you can email other wiki administrators for help on customizing PmWiki and participate in discussions about PmWiki improvements. Once you have your site operational, be sure to add it to PmWiki:PmWikiUsers so others will know about it!